Scientific and technical journal

«Automation and Informatization of the fuel and energy complex»

ISSN 0132-2222

Automation and Informatization of the fuel and energy complex
Transition from a hierarchial file model to a "flat list" model stored in a column database for a geological-geophysical archive

UDC: 004.652
DOI: 10.33285/2782-604X-2023-2(595)-20-24



1 Tyumen Oil Research Center, Tyumen, Russia

Keywords: geological-geophysical data, hierarchial data model, flat table, relational database, columnar database, PostgreSQL, ClickHouse


The article describes the current data model for storing files in the archive of geological-geophysical information. The archive stores information on the following levels: organizations that own data, fields, wells, types of studies and dates of their implementation. The shortcomings of the hierarchical data model in case of storing and accessing files that have several links with levels are described. It is proposed to supplement the current storage model with a flat list placed in the database. Each entry will be a link between a file and a level in the archive. This approach will make it possible to implement multi-object binding of files and quick attribute search for files in the archive. The choice of a database for storing a flat list of the file links is analyzed. The time of executing queries on getting the same data from various databases was studied as well. The queries were executed in PostgreSQL relational database and ClickHouse column database. It was empirically confirmed that the most suitable way to store "flat table" data structure is a database that uses OLAP technology – ClickHouse.


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